LIII-Edge Anomalous X-ray Scattering by Cesium Measured with Synchrotron Radiation

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Science  21 Jul 1978:
Vol. 201, Issue 4352, pp. 257-259
DOI: 10.1126/science.201.4352.257


Diffraction of monochromatized synchrotron radiation by crystals of cesium hydrogen tartrate has been used to measure the magnitude and phase of x-ray scattering for cesium near the LIII absorption edge. In this wavelength region the scattering amplitude of cesium is reduced by as much as 25 electrons per atom, compared to scattering of copperx-rays. This change, which varies as a function of wavelength, affects the diffraction intensities in a manner similar to isomorphous substitution, and it is large enough to have promise for phase determination in the study of macromolecular structures. This experiment also demonstrates that accurate diffractometer measurements are possible with synchrotron radiation produced by an electron storage ring.