Human auditory frequency-following responses to a missing fundamental

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Science  18 Aug 1978:
Vol. 201, Issue 4356, pp. 639-641
DOI: 10.1126/science.675250


Both a complex tone perceived as a 365-hertz "missing fundamental" and a 365-hertz pure tone evoked 365-hertz far-field frequency-following responses. Narrow-band masking noise centered at 365 hertz attenuated the responses to the pure tone but not to the complex tone. Results support the concept that perception of the missing fundamental is based on periodic neural activity.