Sex pheromone of the tsetse fly: isolation, identification, and synthesis of contact aphrodisiacs

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Science  25 Aug 1978:
Vol. 201, Issue 4357, pp. 750-753
DOI: 10.1126/science.675256


Sex pheromones isolated from the cuticle of the female tsetse fly, Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood, release mating behavior in the male fly at ultrashort range or upon contact with baited decoys. Three active components were identified as 15,19-dimethylheptatriacontane, 17,21-dimethylheptatriacontane, and 15,19,23-trimethylheptatriacontane. Chemical and biological comparisons show that the natural and synthetic compounds are identical.