Honey Caches Help Female Paper Wasps (Polistes annularis) Survive Texas Winters

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Science  13 Apr 1979:
Vol. 204, Issue 4389, pp. 207-209
DOI: 10.1126/science.204.4389.207


Polistes annularis females store honey in their nests in autumn. They return to their nests on warmn winter days, eat honey, and defend itfrom non-sisters. Honey deprivation decreases numbers surviving the winter; females that do survive without honey build smaller spring nests.