Infrared Observations of the Jovian System from Voyager 1

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Science  01 Jun 1979:
Vol. 204, Issue 4396, pp. 972-976
DOI: 10.1126/science.204.4396.972-a


The infrared spectroscopy and radiometry investigation has obtained spectra of Jupiter and its satellites between approximately 180 and 2500 cm–1 with a spectral resolution of 4.3 cm–1. The Jupiter spectra show clear evidence of H2, CH4 C2H2, C2H6, CH3D, NH3, PH3, H2O, and GeH4. A helium concentration of 0.11 ± 0.03 by volume is obtained. Meridional temperature cross sections show considerable structure. At high latitudes, the stratosphere is warmer in the north than in the south. The upper troposphere and lower stratosphere are locally cold over the Great Red Spot. Amalthea is warmer than expected. Considerable thermal structure is observed on Io, including a relatively hot region in the vicinity of a volcanic feature.