Ozone and Temperature Trends Associated with the 11-Year Solar Cycle

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Science  22 Jun 1979:
Vol. 204, Issue 4399, pp. 1303-1306
DOI: 10.1126/science.204.4399.1303


Evidence is presented which suggests that trends in the ozone concentration and stratospheric temperature, reported between the early 1960's and 1976, are to a large extent due to solar ultraviolet flux variability associated with the 11-year solar cycle. Radiative-convective-photochemical simulations of ozone and temperature variations have been made with a solar ultraviolet flux variability model. Results for temperatures and ozone concentrations, when compared with published data, show good agreement.