Fossil Grass Anthoecia Within Miocene Rhinoceros Skeletons: Diet in an Extinct Species

Science  19 Oct 1979:
Vol. 206, Issue 4416, pp. 331-333
DOI: 10.1126/science.206.4416.331


Silicified anthoecia (fertile le'mmas and paleas) of grasses (Berriochloa communis, Berriochloa primaeva, and Berriohldoa cf. nova) were found in, the oral cavity and rib cage articulated skeletons of Teleoceras major buried in late Clarendonian volcanic ash in. Nebraska The plant fossils, thought to be food residues, help clarify, the enigmatic paleobiological role, of Teleocears, which had hippotamus-like porportions but very high-crowned teeth. Telecoceras was probably amphbious, but siliceous grasses formed a significant portion of its diet.