Mendelian units of inheritance control color preferences in quail chicks (Coturnix coturnix japonica)

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Science  01 Feb 1980:
Vol. 207, Issue 4430, pp. 549-551
DOI: 10.1126/science.7352267


Genetic analysis of approach preferences for blue and red colors in 1-day-old, experientially naive quail, at 12th through 14th generations of bidirectional genetic selection, implicate four to eight segregating units of inheritance. Because the quails' initial approach choices are also readily modifiable by experience, these results point the way to studying the mediation of gene effects, environment effects, and gene-environment interactions in visually guided behaviors.