The Potential for Grass-Fed Livestock: Resource Constraints

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Science  22 Feb 1980:
Vol. 207, Issue 4433, pp. 843-848
DOI: 10.1126/science.207.4433.843


Using pasture and grazed forest-range for a system of producing live-stock by feeding grass alone reduces the inputs of energy about 60 percent and land resources about 8 percent, but also reduces by about half the production of animal protein in the United States. Under a system in which only grass was fed, livestock would be restricted to beef, milk, and lamb production. The amount of grain fed to U.S. livestock is about 135 million tons (metric) or about ten times the amount consumed by the U.S. population.