Potato Protoplasts in Crop Improvement

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Science  04 Apr 1980:
Vol. 208, Issue 4439, pp. 17-24
DOI: 10.1126/science.208.4439.17


Clonal populations regenerated from single-leaf cell protoplasts of the potato cultivar `Russet Burbank' display a high frequency of variation for several horticultural and disease resistance characters. Observations over a period of three tuber generations suggest stable changes in tuber shape, yield, and maturity date, in photo-period requirements for flowering, and in plant morphology. Enhanced resistance to early blight (Alternaria solani) and late blight (Phytophthora infestans) diseases also regularly occurs within regenerated populations. These findings are discussed in the context of possible application to varietal improvement, particularly as they pertain to asexually propagated plants.