In dogs with spontaneous mammary adenocarcinomas, a single nontoxic infusion of cytosine arabinoside after extracorporeal perfusion of plasms over immobilized protein A resulted in a necrotizing response rapid in onset and specific for tumorous tissue. Gross tumoricidal reactions 12 hours after this combined treatment exceeded the algebraic sum of responses to cytosine arabinoside and protein A perfusion treatments alone in the same dogs, implying a synergistic effect between the two. The magnitude, rapidity, and specificity of the tumoricidal response after the combined treatment suggests that it may be an effective chemimmunotherapeutic approach to breast adenocarcinoma.