Sequence of Pumiceous Tephra Layers and the Late Quaternary Environmental Record Near Mount St. Helens

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  28 Nov 1980:
Vol. 210, Issue 4473, pp. 1007-1009
DOI: 10.1126/science.210.4473.1007


Tephra in lake beds within 40 kilometers of Mount St. Helens was deposited an average of once every 2,700 years over the past 35,000 years, for a total of 13 layers. Times of deposition span the period of the Fraser Glaciation and intervals before and after it, and include the series of climates prevailing when vegetation west of the Cascade Range shifted between a park-tundra type and the modern western hemlock forest.