Innovation and evaluation

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Science  27 Feb 1981:
Vol. 211, Issue 4485, pp. 881-886
DOI: 10.1126/science.6781066


Social, medical, and technological innovations are discussed, first with reference to historical examples and then with modern studies. I show the need for evaluating both the innovations themselves and the research processes leading to them. I suggest some kinds of research that need to be carried out if we are to continue to have a vigorous program of scientific and technological innovation. Finally, I explain the new initiative by the AAAS in science and engineering education.