Electrochemical reduction of horse heart ferricytochrome c at chemically derivatized electrodes

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Science  27 Feb 1981:
Vol. 211, Issue 4485, pp. 944-947
DOI: 10.1126/science.6258225


Platinum or gold electrodes derivatized with an N,N'-dialkyl-4,4'-bipyridinium reagent can be used to reduce horse heart ferricytochrome c, whereas reduction doses does not occur at the "naked" electrodes. From 3 to 17.7 millimoles per liter, the reduction of ferricytochrome c is mass transport-limited at electrode potentials more negative than about -0.6 volt against a saturated calomel reference electrode. Data for the photoreduction of ferricytochrome c at derivatized p-type silicon photocathodes show directly that the rate of reduction is mass transport-limited. Use of derivatized electrodes may allow convenient manipulation and analysis of biological molecules that do not ordinarily respond at conventional electrodes.