Articles

Postnatal gonadal steroid effects on human behavior

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Science  20 Mar 1981:
Vol. 211, Issue 4488, pp. 1318-1324
DOI: 10.1126/science.7209511

Abstract

Gonadal steroid hormones, active during fetal life, continue after the birth of a fetus to influence the central nervous system and affect behavior. The characteristically different circulating concentrations of male and female steroid hormones in men and women appear to be partial determinants of certain sexually dimorphic behaviors, interacting in a complex way with psychological and sociocultural factors as well as with other biological factors. This interaction is highlighted in research on testosterone and aggression in men, mood and the menstrual cycle in women, and pubertal sex role reversal in pseudohermaphrodites.

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