Purified reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide: responses to lactate dehydrogenase isozymes from three cell sources

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Science  01 May 1981:
Vol. 212, Issue 4494, pp. 553-555
DOI: 10.1126/science.7209551


Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, E.C. isozymes from three single-cell sources reacted differently with reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) purified to published chromatographic and spectrophotometric specifications and free of inhibitors of LDH, when compared with a commercial preparation of NADH. The activity of LDH-1, purified from rabbit erythrocytes, increased the most with inhibitor-free NADH; the next most stimulated were the LDH isozymes from a control hepatocyte line; but hardly responsive at all were the same isozymes from chemically transformed cells. Thus isozyme composition alone did not account for the range of responses to purified NADH. The commercial preparation of NADH used in these studies contains the Strandjord-Clayson inhibitors, the most potent group identified in NADH preparations relative to LDH activity. The results suggest that specific molecular differences in individual isozymes contribute to the differential response to the Strandjord-Clayson inhibitors.