Allocating Petroleum Products During Oil Supply Disruptions

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Science  19 Jun 1981:
Vol. 212, Issue 4501, pp. 1357-1363
DOI: 10.1126/science.212.4501.1357


Four options for allocating a long-term, severe shortfall of petroleum imports are analyzed: oil price and allocation controls, coupon gasoline rationing, variable gasoline tax and rebate, and no oil price controls with partial rebates. Each of these options is evaluated in terms of four criteria: microeconomic effects, macroeconomic effects, equity, and practical problems. The implications of this analysis for energy contingency planning are discussed.