Generation of Stabilized Microbubbles in Seawater

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Science  10 Jul 1981:
Vol. 213, Issue 4504, pp. 209-211
DOI: 10.1126/science.213.4504.209


Bubbles of less than 1 micrometer and as large as 13.5 micrometers in diameter, stabilized by an apparent compression of substances sorbed onto their surfaces, were examined to determine their physical and temporal stability. Their ease of formation is related to the qualities of the water in which they are formed. Their presence in the water column must now be considered when interpreting acoustic data gathered to determine marine bubble populations.