Molecular and cellular mechanisms of leukocyte chemotaxis

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Science  21 Aug 1981:
Vol. 213, Issue 4510, pp. 830-837
DOI: 10.1126/science.6266014


The application of modern scientific methods to the study of leukocyte function has begun to reveal the molecular and cytostructural bases of the chemotactic responses of these cells. Leukocyte chemotaxis is initiated by the binding of chemoattractants to distinct plasma membrane receptors; this finding alters transmembrane potential and activates ionic fluxes. The subsequent sequence of metabolic processes leads to a rearrangement of cytoskeletal elements that is manifested by orientation and migration of the cells toward the source of the chemotactic gradient.