Reports

DDT-induced feminization of gull embryos

Science  21 Aug 1981:
Vol. 213, Issue 4510, pp. 922-924
DOI: 10.1126/science.7256288

Abstract

Injection of DDT [1, 1, 1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane] into gull eggs at concentrations comparable to those found in contaminated seabird eggs in 1970 induces abnormal development of ovarian tissue and oviducts in male embryos. Developmental feminization of males is associated with inability to breed as adults and may explain the highly skewed sex ratio and reduced number of male gulls breeding on Santa Barbara Island in southern California.

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