Acetylcholine and bradykinin relax intrapulmonary arteries by acting on endothelial cells: role in lung vascular diseases

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  18 Sep 1981:
Vol. 213, Issue 4514, pp. 1376-1379
DOI: 10.1126/science.7268440


Acetylcholine and bradykinin produced potent relaxation of isolated canine intrapulmonary arteries contracted by serotonin, norepinephrine, or phenylephrine-provided the endothelium was left intact. Selective mechanical destruction of the endothelium transformed the activity of these substances from vasodilatation to vasoconstriction. Acetylcholine-induced relaxations, in the presence of intact endothelium, could be selectively inhibited competitively by atropine, but could not be inhibited by cyclooxygenase inhibitors, a lipoxygenase inhibitor, adrenergic blocking drugs, or histaminergic antagonists. RElaxations produced by prostacyclin, prostaglandin E1, isoproterenol, papaverine, or histamine H2-receptor agonists were not modified, or attenuated, by selective destruction of pulmonary endothelial cells. These observations might provide insight into the etiology of the increased pulmonary resistance observed in pulmonary hypertension and shock lung.