Exposure of mice to the herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenyl-p-nitrophenyl ether during gestation produces abnormalities that are not readily apparent at birth but become obvious as the pups mature. By 2 weeks after birth there are severe intraorbital defects resulting from destruction of the Harderian glands behind the eyes. This effect is noticeable only postnatally because the Harderian gland does not grow or function until after birth.