ArticlesCommunications and Personal Services

Computer Networks: Prospects for Scientists

Science  12 Feb 1982:
Vol. 215, Issue 4534, pp. 843-852
DOI: 10.1126/science.215.4534.843


Computer networks are an integral part of the rapid expansion of computing. Their emergence depends both on evolving communication technologies, such as packet-switching and satellites, and on diverse experiments and innovations in the software tools that exploit communications. The tools provide computer users with facilities such as electronic mail, access to remote computers, and electronic bulletin boards. Scientists can both adapt and extend tools to meet the communication needs of their work, and several networks are developing to serve particular scientific communities.