Search for Interstellar Superheavy Hydrogen

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Science  02 Apr 1982:
Vol. 216, Issue 4541, pp. 54-55
DOI: 10.1126/science.216.4541.54


Models for fundamental physical interactions allow for the existence of stable or nearly stable elementary particles much heavier than the proton. Stellar spectra were searched for a positively charged superheavy particle, X+, which, with a bound electron, should appear as apparently superheavy neutral hydrogen in the interstellar medium. An upper limit for the abundance of X relative to normal hydrogen in the line of sight toward the bright star γ Cassiopeiae is 2 x 10–8.