Surface Spectroscopies with Synchrotron Radiation

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Science  23 Apr 1982:
Vol. 216, Issue 4544, pp. 367-372
DOI: 10.1126/science.216.4544.367


A variety of photoelectron spectroscopies using synchrotron radiation have been devised to study solid surfaces. Measurements of the energies and angular distributions of electrons photoemitted from valence levels yield detailed information on surface electronic states and the chemical bonding of adsorbed atoms and molecules. Core level studies yield surface atom positions and molecular orientations. Some highlights of recent research are presented here. The capabilities of the techniques will be extended by the forthcoming generation of new storage rings dedicated to the production of synchrotron radiation.