Electric pulse-induced fusion of 3T3 cells in monolayer culture

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Science  30 Apr 1982:
Vol. 216, Issue 4545, pp. 537-538
DOI: 10.1126/science.7071601


Swiss mouse 3T3-C2 fibroblasts, grown to confluence in monolayer culture, are shown to fuse when exposed to electric fields. Exposure to five repetitive electric pulses of about 1 kilovolt per centimeter with a duration of 50 microseconds caused approximately 20 percent of the cells to become fused (multinucleate) when 1 millimolar magnesium was present in the medium. The effects of minimum thresholds of field strength, pulse duration, and number of pulses were determined. Cell disruption was observed when the electric field exceeded 2.0 kilovolts per centimeter or the pulse was of longer duration than 120 microseconds.