Cytomegalovirus antibody in cerebrospinal fluid of schizophrenic patients detected by enzyme immunoassay

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Science  21 May 1982:
Vol. 216, Issue 4548, pp. 892-894
DOI: 10.1126/science.6281883


By means of enzyme immunoassay techniques to detect the presence of antibody to cytomegalovirus, the cerebrospinal fluid of 178 patients with schizophrenia, 17 patients with bipolar disorders, and 11 other psychiatric patients was compared with that of 79 neurological patients and 41 normal control subjects. The cerebrospinal fluid of 20 of the schizophrenic patients and 3 of the patients with bipolar disorders showed significant increases in immunoglobulin M antibody to cytomegalovirus; no difference was found in patients on or off psychotropic medications.