Anticonvulsant action of excitatory amino acid antagonists

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Science  21 May 1982:
Vol. 216, Issue 4548, pp. 899-901
DOI: 10.1126/science.7079744


Compounds that antagonize neuronal excitation induced by dicarboxylic amino acids were tested in two animal models of epilepsy, namely sound-induced seizures in DBA/2 mice and threshold pentylenetetrazol seizures in Swiss mice. Sound-induced seizures could be prevented by intracerebroventricular injection of compounds that block excitation due to N-methyl-D-aspartic acid. The most potent such compound, 2-amino-7-phosphonoheptanoic acid, was anticonvulsant in both test systems when given either intraperitoneally or intracerebroventricularly. Specific antagonists of excitation that is caused by amino acids provide a new class of anticonvulsant agents.