Carbon Dioxide and Climate: The Importance of Realistic Geography in Estimating the Transient Temperature Response

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Science  10 Sep 1982:
Vol. 217, Issue 4564, pp. 1031-1033
DOI: 10.1126/science.217.4564.1031


Results obtained from a detailed air-sea-ice climate model for an instantaneous increase in the atmospheric carbon dioxide content are used to estimate the transient surface temperature response for several time-dependent carbon dioxide increase scenarios. The inclusion of realistic variations of land fraction and ocean mixing with latitude is found to limit the applicability of steady- state simulations as approximate guides to the actual time-dependent temperature response, particularly when the regional response is considered.