Evidence that glucose "marks" beta cells resulting in preferential release of newly synthesized insulin

Science  01 Oct 1982:
Vol. 218, Issue 4567, pp. 56-58
DOI: 10.1126/science.6181562


Studies of isolated islets labeled with radioactive leucine show that glucose at a critical time "marks" islets in such a way as to cause preferential release of newly synthesized insulin. The preferential release of insulin from marked islets is relatively independent of subsequent secretagogues or rates of insulin secretion. Previous kinetic studies have indicated that the critical time at which marking occurs is after proinsulin biosynthesis but before the secretory event. Thus, secretory cells may regulate the diversion of newly synthesized material for immediate release as it is approaching or transiting the Golgi apparatus.