Reports

Experimental Induction of Altered Nonmicrofibrillar Cellulose

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Science  10 Dec 1982:
Vol. 218, Issue 4577, pp. 1141-1142
DOI: 10.1126/science.218.4577.1141

Abstract

Cellulose produced by Acetobacter xylinum was experimentally modified during its biosynthesis. In the presence of fluorescent brightening agents, such as Calcofluor White M2R or Tinopal LPW, nonmicrofibrillar sheets of cellulose were synthesized by the bacteria. These sheets could then be converted to fibrils by washing with distilled water. Possible mechanisms for these modifications of cellulose assembly are disscussed.