Articles

Academic Freedom and the Classified Information System

Science  21 Jan 1983:
Vol. 219, Issue 4582, pp. 257-259
DOI: 10.1126/science.219.4582.257

Abstract

Executive Order 12356, signed by President Reagan on 2 April 1982, prescribes a system for classifying information on the basis of national security concerns. The order gives unprecedented authority to government officials to intrude at will in controlling academic research that depends on federal support. As such, it poses a serious threat to academic freedom and hence to scientific advances and the national security.

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