Prorocentrin: An Extracellular Siderophore Produced by the Marine Dinoflagellate Prorocentrum minimum

Science  21 Jan 1983:
Vol. 219, Issue 4582, pp. 306-308
DOI: 10.1126/science.219.4582.306


Prorocentrin, a putative iron transport compound, has been extracted from the filtrates of Prorocentrum minimum cultures by XAD-2 resin. Production of prorocentrin can be stimulated by culturing Prorocentrum minimum under conditions of iron deficiency. The iron(III) complex of prorocentrin has an ultraviolet-visible absorption spectrum typical of hydroxamate siderophores.