Growth Enhancement of Plants by Femtomole Doses of Colloidally Dispersed Triacontanol

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Science  11 Mar 1983:
Vol. 219, Issue 4589, pp. 1219-1221
DOI: 10.1126/science.219.4589.1219


Colloidal dispersions of crystalline 1-triacontanol in water, upon foliar application to corn (Zea mays L.) seedlings, resulted in growth increases at femtomole dosages (spray concentrations as low as 1 nanogram per cubic decimeter). The maximum growth increase occurred at 100 nanograms per cubic decimeter; at both higher and lower concentrations lessened growth increase was observed. The dispersions were prepared by sonication, with control of temperature and composition. Selected surfactants, which facilitate the dispersion process, are effective at 1 percent of the 1-triacontanol composition and are nontoxic.