Rejection of mouse pancreatic islet allografts occurred in a high percentage of donor recipient combinations identical for H-21-region antigens and differing at H-2K and H-2K + H-2D without I-region disparities. The results suggest that disparities in major histocompatibility complex antigens of class I (H-2K and H-2D) alone are capable of eliciting islet allograft rejection, and that lack of a stimulus from class II (I-region) alloantigens does not ensure permanent islet allograft survival.

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