Venera 13 and Venera 14: Sedimentary Rocks on Venus?

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Science  01 Jul 1983:
Vol. 221, Issue 4605, pp. 57-59
DOI: 10.1126/science.221.4605.57


Venera 13 and Venera 14 transmitted almost complete panoramic views of their landing sites. Analyses of the photographs show the presence of rock formations undergoing geomorphic degradation. The formations display ripple marks, thin layering, differential erosion, and curvilinear fracturings. Some of them are interpreted as lithified clastic sediments. The lithification could have taken place at depth or at the surface, resulting in a type of duricrust. The origin of the sediments is unknown but could be aeolian, volcanic, or related to impacts or to turbidity currents.