Reports

Cerebral Cortices of East African Early Hominids

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Science  09 Sep 1983:
Vol. 221, Issue 4615, pp. 1072-1074
DOI: 10.1126/science.221.4615.1072

Abstract

An endocast of the frontal lobe of a reconstructed skull, which is approximately 2 million years old, from the Koobi Fora region of Kenya appears to represent the oldest human-like cortical sulcal pattern in the fossil record, while the endocast from another skull from the same region produces an endocast that appears apelike in its frontal lobe and similar to endocasts from earlier South African australopithecines. New analysis of paleoanatomical evidence thus indicates that at least two taxa of early hominids coexisted in East Africa.