Reports

Autonomic nervous system activity distinguishes among emotions

Science  16 Sep 1983:
Vol. 221, Issue 4616, pp. 1208-1210
DOI: 10.1126/science.6612338

Abstract

Emotion-specific activity in the autonomic nervous system was generated by constructing facial prototypes of emotion muscle by muscle and by reliving past emotional experiences. The autonomic activity produced distinguished not only between positive and negative emotions, but also among negative emotions. This finding challenges emotion theories that have proposed autonomic activity to be undifferentiated or that have failed to address the implications of autonomic differentiation in emotion.

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