Reports

Heat Transfer Measurements of the 1983 Kilauea Lava Flow

Science  07 Oct 1983:
Vol. 222, Issue 4619, pp. 47-48
DOI: 10.1126/science.222.4619.47-a

Abstract

Convective heat flow measurements of a basaltic lava flow were made during the 1983 eruption of Kilauea volcano in Hawaii. Eight field measurements of induced natural convection were made, giving heat flux values that ranged from 1.78 to 8.09 kilowatts per square meter at lava temperatures of 1088 and 1128 degrees Celsius, respectively. These field measurements of convective heat flux at subliquidus temperatures agree with previous laboratory measurements in furnace-melted samples of molten lava, and are useful for predicting heat transfer in magma bodies and for estimating heat extraction rates for magma energy.

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