Estradiol fatty acid esters occur naturally in human blood

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Science  23 Dec 1983:
Vol. 222, Issue 4630, pp. 1334-1336
DOI: 10.1126/science.6419346


Treatment of nonpolar ether extracts of human female blood with mild alkali produced more immunoassayable estradiol than the unhydrolyzed extract. Analysis of the serum extracts showed that the substance which released immunoreactive estradiol after hydrolysis has chromatographic properties identical to those of fatty acid esters of estradiol esterified at carbon 17. The physiological role of these previously unknown endogenous esters might be inferred from their structural similarity to synthetic drugs used therapeutically for their prolonged estrogenic action.