Satellite Observations of the 1982-1983 El Niño Along the U.S. Pacific Coast

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Science  15 Jun 1984:
Vol. 224, Issue 4654, pp. 1251-1254
DOI: 10.1126/science.224.4654.1251


Satellite infrared temperature images illustrate several effects of the 1982-1983 El Niño: warm sea-surface temperatures with the greatest anomalies near the coast, weakened coastal upwelling, and changes in surface circulation patterns. Phytoplankton pigment images from the Coastal Zone Color Scanner indicate reduced productivity during El Niño, apparently related to the weakened coastal upwelling The satellite images provide direct evidence of mesoscale changes associated with the oceanwide El Niño event.