Reports

Marine Lava Cave Fauna: Composition, Biogeography, and Origins

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Science  20 Jul 1984:
Vol. 225, Issue 4659, pp. 309-311
DOI: 10.1126/science.225.4659.309

Abstract

An assemblage of endemic cavernicolous marine invertebrates, including taxa found on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean of great phylogenetic age or with affinities to deep sea organisms, inhabits the Jameos del Agua cave, a sea waterflooded Holocene lava tube cave on Lanzarote in the Canary Islands. This marine cave contains both relicts from Tethyan times, such as an apparently new crustacean family belonging to what had been the monotypic class Remipedia, and relicts of groups that are now common only in the deep sea as well as species that occur outside the cave.