Echinomycin binding sites on DNA

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Science  14 Sep 1984:
Vol. 225, Issue 4667, pp. 1122-1127
DOI: 10.1126/science.6089341


The preferred binding sites of echinomycin on DNA can be determined by a method called "footprinting." A 32P end-labeled restriction fragment from pBR322 DNA is protected by binding to echinomycin, and cleaved by a synthetic DNA cleaving reagent, methidiumpropyl--EDTA . Fe(II); the DNA cleavage products are then subjected to high-resolution gel analyses. This method reveals that echinomycin has a binding site size of four base pairs. The strong binding sites for echinomycin contain the central two-base-pair sequence 5'-CG-3'. From an analysis of 15 echinomycin sites on 210 base pairs of DNA, key recognition elements for echinomycin are contained in the sequences (5'-3') ACGT and TCGT (A, adenine; C, cytosine; G, guanine; T, thymine).