Optical measurements of extracellular calcium depletion during a single heartbeat

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Science  12 Oct 1984:
Vol. 226, Issue 4671, pp. 174-177
DOI: 10.1126/science.6091269


The impermeant dye antipyrylazo III was used to measure depletion of extracellular calcium and net influx of calcium through the sarcolemma during the cardiac action potential. It was found that calcium entry occurs continuously during the action potential and is under direct control of the membrane potential. The inotropic action of epinephrine is accompanied by increased influx of calcium, while strophanthidin enhances the twitch without altering calcium influx during the action potential.