Seismic Verification of a Comprehensive Test Ban

Science  18 Jan 1985:
Vol. 227, Issue 4684, pp. 251-257
DOI: 10.1126/science.227.4684.251


The capabilities of in-country seismic monitoring systems for verifying the absence of underground nuclear explosions are compared against challenges posed by possible clandestine testing schemes. Although analysis indicate that extensive networks of in-country seismic arrays are needed to verify a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, such networks cannot ensure that all underground nuclear explosions will be identified. Political and military judgments will determine the level of risk acceptable to each nation.