Herbivores' Direct and Indirect Effects on Algal Populations

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Science  07 Feb 1986:
Vol. 231, Issue 4738, pp. 605-607
DOI: 10.1126/science.231.4738.605


The increase in algal reproductive rates caused by nitrogen regeneration from herbivorous zooplankton approximately equaled the zooplankton-caused mortality. This result demonstrates that nutrient regeneration by herbivores is at least sometimes a strong indirect effect in natural communities.