Articles

Japanese Research and Technology Policy

Science  18 Jul 1986:
Vol. 233, Issue 4761, pp. 296-301
DOI: 10.1126/science.233.4761.296

Abstract

Until recently the Japanese did not spend much on research and what they did spend was concentrated on the commercial development of technology. As a result there have so far been few Japanese breakthroughs in either science or technology. Dramatic changes have recently occurred, however, and Japan now trails only the United States and the Soviet Union in research spending. Beyond this, Japanese policy-makers are making a determined effort to overcome Japan's social and institutional barriers to scientific creativity.

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