Recent Earthquake Prediction Research in Japan

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Science  18 Jul 1986:
Vol. 233, Issue 4761, pp. 324-330
DOI: 10.1126/science.233.4761.324


Japan has experienced many major earthquake disasters in the past. Early in this century research began that was aimed at predicting the occurrence of earthquakes, and in 1965 an earthquake prediction program was started as a national project. In 1978 a program for constant monitoring and assessment was formally inaugurated with the goal of forecasting the major earthquake that is expected to occur in the near future in the Tokai district of central Honshu Island. The issue of predicting the anticipated Tokai earthquake is discussed in this article as well as the results of research on major recent earthquakes in Japan—the Izu earthquakes (1978 and 1980) and the Japan Sea earthquake (1983).