Forskolin and phorbol esters reduce the same potassium conductance of mouse neurons in culture

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Science  16 Jan 1987:
Vol. 235, Issue 4786, pp. 345-348
DOI: 10.1126/science.2432663


Second messenger systems may modulate neuronal activity through protein phosphorylation. However, interactions between two major second messenger pathways, the cyclic AMP and phosphatidylinositol systems, are not well understood. The effects of activators of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase and protein kinase C on resting membrane properties, action potentials, and currents recorded from mouse dorsal root ganglion neurons and cerebral hemisphere neurons grown in primary dissociated cell culture were investigated. Neither forskolin (FOR) nor phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu) altered resting membrane properties but both increased the duration of calcium-dependent action potentials in both central and peripheral neurons. By means of the single-electrode voltage clamp technique, FOR and PDBu were shown to decrease the same voltage-dependent potassium conductance. This suggests that two independent second messenger systems may affect the same potassium conductance.