New Strong Cement Materials: Chemically Bonded Ceramics

Science  06 Feb 1987:
Vol. 235, Issue 4789, pp. 651-658
DOI: 10.1126/science.235.4789.651


New cements developed in recent years have strengths that are greater by an order of magnitude than those of conventional hydraulic cements. These low-temperature materials, whose strengths approach those of many traditional high-temperature ceramics, are termed chemically bonded ceramics. The different routes to generating strong cementitious materials, including warm pressing, chemical modification, high-shear mixing with polymer additions, and the making of fiber and particulate composites, are reviewed. Strength, toughness, durability, impermeability, and abrasion resistance of these new materials have been greatly improved, as have certain electrical and acoustical properties.